Haidt, J. (2007). The new synthesis in moral psychology. Science, 316, 998-1002.
Abstract: People are both selfish and morally motivated. Morality is both universal and culturally variable.
Such apparent contradictions are dissolving as research from many disciplines converges on a
few shared principles, including the importance of moral intuitions, the socially functional (rather
than truth-seeking) nature of moral thinking, and the coevolution of moral minds with cultural
practices and institutions that create diverse moral communities. I propose a fourth principle to
guide future research: Morality is about more than harm and fairness. More research is needed on
the collective and religious parts of the moral domain, such as loyalty, authority, and spiritual purity
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